Asia Pacific International Adoption Forum

Standards of Practice THE CHILD

Article 1

Before assisting with the placement of a child for inter country adoption, the organisation must be satisfied that no other satisfactory solution for the child could be found in his or her country of origin and that intercountry adoption is in the best interests of the child. Before the child is placed for adoption, a case study must be prepared by a suitably qualified person, giving details of the child's background, the reason for him or her being placed for adoption, his or her characteristics and special needs.

Article 2

Children placed for adoption through the organisation must be medically examined. The organisation must do all in their power to see to it that the children receive good quality care during the waiting time.

Article 3

Children past the age of infancy must be prepared for the change awaiting them. Children of an age to understand should have their wishes taken into consideration.

Article 4

The organisation must do all in their power to ensure that the child's welfare is safeguarded during the journey to the receiving country. Adoptive parents should travel to the child's country of origin and take him or her home.An escort should only be allowed in cases where the adoptive parents have previously travelled to that country for the purpose of adoption. An escort ought not to travel with more than 2 children. The organisation should avoid making arrangements for escorting large groups of children at the same time. A change of escorts should also be avoided.

Article 5

Birth siblings should be placed with the same adoptive family unless there are strong reasons for separate placements. Where this is not possible, the organisation has a responsibility to ensure that the future adoptive parents are encouraged to develop a positive attitude towards contact between the siblings.

Article 6

The child has a right to develop a positive sense of ethnic and cultural identity or 'right to information about his/her ethnic and cultural heritage. The organisation is responsible for making available to the parents information about the particular ethnical and cultural identity of the child. The organisation should encourage families to learn and celebrate their child's cultural heritage by providing or referring resources to families in this regard.

Article 7

It is the right of every adopted child to have access to information concerning his or her background. The organisation is responsible for procuring available information about the child's background and for providing the child's adoptive parents with access to the information. This information should be presented to the child according to his or her age and level of understanding except when this is contrary to the child's best interests. With the child's future interest in mind, the organisation must retain permanent records / all medical, social and background on the child.


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